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Tanzania Overview

TANZANIA

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Tanzania has some of the largest wildlife herds on the African continent with a collection of national parks and reserves. Trek through the famous Mt Kilimanjaro, walk along barren volcanic ridges, hike on the slopes of the Usumbara Mountains, canoe in Lake Manyara or watch the spectacular sunsets across the Serengeti. The distances are long and the road infrastructure between major cities and towns make travel accessible. Access internationally are into Dar Es Salaam, Kilimanjaro and Zanzibar International airports.

Tanzania’s economy is mainly agriculture, which employs about 80% of the workforce and up to 50% of the GDP. Crops include coffee, tea, cotton, cashews, sisal and cloves.

The main attractions of Tanzania are in the northern parks and safari circuits. These attractions include the Ngorongoro Crater, the well known Serengeti, Lake Manyara, Tarangire and Arusha National Park. Island getaways include Zanzibar Island which is East Africa’s famous Swahili city-state with mosques, winding alley ways and coral-sand beaches. Activities include hiking, safaris, diving, snorkeling and cultural experiences. There is more than enough to see and do here and is definitely not only a safari destination.

Tanzania Quick Facts
 
Location: Eastern Africa, bordering the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique
Area: 937,062 sq km
Border countries: Burundi 451 km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 459 km, Kenya 769 km, Malawi 475 km, Mozambique 756 km, Rwanda 217 km, Uganda 396 km, Zambia 338 km
Population: 36.6 million
People: mainland - native African 99% (of which 95% are Bantu consisting of more than 130 tribes), other 1% (consisting of Asian, European, and Arab); Zanzibar - Arab, native African, mixed Arab and native African
Language: English and Kiswahili
Religion: mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim
Independence: 29 October 1964
Head of State: President Festus Mogae
Capital: Dar es Salaam
   
Currency: Tanzanian shilling (TZS) - Exchange Rate(link popup window)
Export Commodities: gold, coffee, cashew nuts, manufactures, cotton
Agriculture - products: coffee, sisal, tea, cotton, pyrethrum (insecticide made from chrysanthemums), cashew nuts, tobacco, cloves, corn, wheat, cassava (tapioca), bananas, fruits, vegetables; cattle, sheep, goats
GDP growth: 5.2% (2003 est.)
GDP per capita: $600 (2003 est.)
 
 
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